Dated: May 3, 2006
Worn by Veterans of the Italian Campaign
This page provides information to help
the uniforms, medals and ribbons in your collection. The
in Italy wore a wide variety of uniforms. There is no way to
all of them in detail. Similarily, there are many medals and
that could be earned by soldiers in Italy, which I will not
This page only covers the basic uniforms of the Infantryman and the
Medal (and ribbon) and other insiginia that was common for soldiers in
Italy. Of course, the details on how the medals and patches were
worn on the uniform would apply for soldiers in France or Germany, as
During war, the Campaign Medals and Good Conduct
were awarded with only a ribbon, as the medal was usually not
Therefore, when you send in the form to the Government requesting
records, they will send a set of medals with the veteran's name
on the back. They will only do this if the veteran signs
The patches and pins worn on the US uniform were
for some units. These were not worn in combat, of course; only on
the dress uniform or the Ike jacket. On the lapels of the collar
were usually worn a disc with "US" and the branch insignia and, below
maybe a pair of unit insignia. There were hundreds of unit
pins. This page illustrates a few of the examples worn by units
Examples of Uniforms worn in the Italian Campaign.
|| Sleeve patches, proficiency
badges and other insignia
|| Medals earned for service in the Italian Campaign.
|| Distinguishing Unit Insigina Pins worn by units
serving in Italy.
indiating branch of service.
Divisions Table - Contains images of the Division shoulder patches
for ALL infantry divisions of the Army.
Also includes a table of the infantry regiments & artillery
for each divisio
This section provides
on the medals and ribbons that would be worn on the uniform of a
who served in the Italian Campaign.
| Campaign Medals
by most soldiers who served in the Italian Campaign.
It is common for
to have 3 of these medals. Did not usually have all four.
American Campaign Medal - WWII
in the American theater for 30 days.
European - African - Middle
- African- Middle Eastern theater for 30 days.
American Defense Service Medal
for 12 months
of active duty in Army, 1939-41.
World War II
Forces between 1941 and 1946.
"Italy Star" Campaign Medal
my site includes info on the British soldier, I thought it should
the campaign medal awarded to British soldiers for their service in
were more specific on their campaign medals. Whereas, the US
one medal for all of Europe, Africa and Middle East, the Brits issued
different campaign stars
with the same basic shape. Each star had
a unique ribbon, with the Italy Star in the national colors of
King's mongram & crown, with "THE ITALY STAR" embossed in ring.
Name of soldier was stamped on the back. Most other medals had
name stamped on the edge.
for Bad Spellers:
are made out of metal.
This section provides
on the patches, badges and other insignia that would be worn on the
of a soldier who served in the Italian Campaign.
other than rank and Divisional patches.
to the basic medals above, Service Stripes were worn on the lower right
sleeve. One straight stripe was awarded for each 6 months of
overseas. It was not necessary to serve in combat to receive
Service Stripes (Left Sleeve) >
Unit (Right Sleeve)
denotes a member of a distinguished unit.
As viewed by
The CIB was
awarded to any Enlisted soldier who was classified as an Infantryman
and who saw combat. Therefore, it was not
awarded to medics, artillerymen nor airmen.
in different classes and was worn on the Left Breast, above the ribbons.
1947, the Government
approved the Bronze Star Medal for every infantryman who earned the CIB.
Discharge Pin &
Pin or Patch was issued to discharged soldiers and was worn above the right
breast pocket. The main purpose of this patch was it allowed the
GI to travel home while wearing his uniform and not be ordered around
It got its
nickname from the ugly Eagle in the center.
Badges were badges earned during training for things such as
and driving and aircraft mechanic. These badges were worn below
ribbons on the left breast pocket. The most common badge worn by
infantrymen were the Marksman, Sharpshooter, and Expert Shooting
The Marksman badge was a plain maltese cross. The Expert Shooting
badge had a bullseye in the center. The Expert Shooting badge had
a wreath around the cross.
badges were earned by qualifying with a specific weapon.
these badges would have a bar hung under the badge the identified the
Each bar was embossed with "RIFLE", "GRENADE", "BAYONET", etc.
were many different types of weapons. Cavlary troops would
with a weapon while mounted or dismounted. Thus, their bars were
marked as "CARBINE-M" or "PISTOL-D". It was not unusual to see a
soldier wearing 4, 5 or 6 bars hanging from his Sharpshooter
Sergeant Walker's photo, below.
Bars or "Hangar
for Infantry Proficiency Badges.
Note: The Navy
badges were different from the Army.
The Bars issued in
had a white finish.
on shoulder patches for each of the US Infantry divisions, refer to US
Return to Top
Branch of Service insignia was worn on every uniform even if the other
insignia or patches were not. This insignia was worn on
lower left collar lapel with the "US" insignia on the lower right. The
officer's insignia differed in that theirs were not
on a round disk. Officers also wore theirs branch insignia on
collars. All insignia are for enlisted men except where noted.
are NOT to scale.
after the war, the Army Air Force began testing captured German jets,
as the Me-262. The test pilots started a new ritual: When a new pilot returned from his solo
flight in a jet, they would break the propellers off of their Army Air Force
Here is an old badge for the Trivia Books . . .
Department was in charge of U.S. possessions and islands under military
occupation. In 1939, the Bureau was tranferred from War
Department to Department of Interior.
Bureau of Insular Affairs