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Confederate Casualties of
Obtained from Park Ranger at Fort Pillow State Historic Park
Individual Service Records obtained from NARA National Archives
This page provides a complete Return of Casualties in Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers' Division of Maj.-General Forrest's Cavalry Corps for the action of April 12th, 1864 at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
The original list of 95 casualties was provided by the Park Ranger of Fort Pillow Historical Park. He could not provide a reference source for this list. In my opinion, this list could have been compiled by a historian several years after the battle. The list was typed with corrections and he included one sheet of the original hand-written list. The official records and many sources report the casualties as being 14 killed and either 60 or 80 wounded. After researching reference books and the National Archives(NARA), this list has been revised and expanded. Now it includes details on many of the soldiers including those who died of later from their wounds, such as Lt.-Col Reid.
Pillow was part of General Forrest's raid into western Tennessee in
Fort Pillow was the first river fort north of Memphis but was abandoned
by the Confederates in June 1862. By 1864, the Union had only 550
troops at the fort when General Forrest attacked it with 1500
The Union troops hoped to hold out until gunboats came down the river
infantry and artillery support. The result was that more than
of the Union troops were killed and most of these were black.
it became known as the "Fort Pillow Massacre". The purpose of
this webpage is not to discuss the causes and effects but to give an
accounting of the cost of this battle. For an accounting of the
Union casualties and wounded, go to Union Casualties.
list has been retained in the original order and with incorrect
information that allows the
reader to determine its validity. Changes have been made to the
list and the reference sources added using symbols in the last
column. There are many changes but over all the list is very
Return to the Main Menu
This List is provided in same order as received from Park Ranger. The names are generally arranged by unit. Blue Text are additions and corrections to List.
Strike through (Thomas) indicates this information was proven incorrect. Click on the NR-box icon to view archive file on the soldier.
"Mortally Wounded on the walls"
|Dangerously- Upper lobe
Left in Tenn, Died April 30, 1864
Cephus J. A.
|Pvt||A||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- In left arm|| [2M]
|A||2 Missouri||Wounded||Slightly|| [2M]
T. Benj F.
|Pvt||B||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- Through thigh|| [2M]
|B||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- Fracture of thigh|| [2M]
|F||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- On hand & arm(shell)|| [2M]
||Pvt||H||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously ? Flesh wound of arm|| [2M]
|I / G
||2 Missouri||Wounded||Slightly- In Head||[2M] NR|
|Peter||Pvt||I||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- Left leg amputed below knee||NR|
|14||WHITE||Jos. Joseph M.
||Pvt||I / G||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously- In knee joint||[2M] NR
|| George W.
|I / G||2 Missouri||Wounded||Seriously-
Through right breast.
||Pvt||I / G||2 Missouri||Wounded||Slightly-
|Waul's TX Cav|
Left in Brownsville
|1-Lt||D||Willis Batn||Wounded||Slightly- In shoulder||NR|
|20||SULLIVAN||W. R.||Capt||E||Willis Batn||Killed||Dangerously In shoulder, feared to be mortal.|
Killed by a Union shell
(Co.G 2 Mo Cav book)
|22||BURTON $||N. B.||Lt||A||5th Miss||Killed||______||
|Cpl||A||5th Miss||Killed||(Buried in Montgomery Co, MS)|
In hip & arm; supposed to be mortal.
Sub for H. M McWilliams.
||Seriously- Right Thigh||NR|
|B||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In groin|
|29||JENKINS||Green / G.H.
B. B. G.
|31||BEARD||T. T.||Pvt||E / F
|Pvt||F||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In arm||NR|
(not same as above)
|G||5th Miss||Wounded||Seriously- In thigh|
|34||SMITH||Ben f.||Pvt||G / K
||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In shoulder||NR|
|35||CAMPBELL||W. C.||Sgt||I||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In thigh||NR|
|36||BRIDGES||H. C.||Pvt||I||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- Inhead||NR|
|Pvt||K||5th Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In side||NR|
|39||REED $||Wiley M.||Lt-Col||C.O.||5th Miss||Wounded
In bowels, shoulder & ankle; feared.
|8 Miss Cav|
|41||BUCK||S. M.||Pvt||B||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In arm||NR|
In shoulder. In arm.
|43||THOMPSON||W. T.||Pvt||C||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In arm||NR|
|D||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Seriously- In leg||NR|
S. M. W.
||Pvt||D||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In shoulder||NR|
|46||DAVIS||Jno. J.||Pvt||E||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Seriously-
Left at Brownsville.
|47||CAROTHERS|| Wm C.
||Pvt||E||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Slightly- In hand||NR|
||Pvt||F||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Slightly- Finger shot off||NR|
||Capt||H||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Seriously- In thigh||NR|
(Died Oct 1864 of disease)
|52||ROLAND||J. B.||Pvt||I||Duffs Miss||Wounded||Seriously-
In knee caused by shell.
|2nd Division||< 3rd BRIGADE >|
(6 AL Cav)
|Killed||(Died Oct Buried in
McNairy Co. TN)
(6 AL Cav)
(NR does not list as WIA)
|2nd Division||< 4TH BRIGADE >|
|58||THOMPSON||W. C.||Pvt||H||16th Tenn||Killed||______|
[ 3-Sgt ]
|61|| BARRON R3
R3 [20TN ]
|66||BAXTER||S. W.||Pvt||E||16th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||???|
|J. W.||Pvt||G||16th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR|
|69||REED||R. H.||Pvt||H||16th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR|
|70||FREEMAN||W. J.||Pvt||H||16th Tenn||Wounded||Severly||NR|
|73||DAVIDSON||Jno.||Pvt||H||16th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR TR|
||H. L. W.||Pvt||C||2nd
|J. D.||Pvt||D||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR TR
Left in W. Tenn
N. K. or Nute
||W. A.||Pvt||B||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Dangerously||MAT|
|W. J.||Pvt||E||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Severly
Left in West Tenn
|2nd Tenn||Wounded||Dangerously|| NR HC
( 7T )
|82||DODD||James. K.||Pvt||E D
||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Dangerously||NR HC|
||Pvt||C||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR HC|
|85||WOMACK||W. L.||Pvt||C||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR TR HC|
|87||HOLMAN||L. [Tandy]||Pvt||A||15th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR [20TN]|
|88||ROBERTSON||G. W.||Pvt||A||15th Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||NR [20TN]|
|89||PYLAND||R.||Pvt||C||15th Tenn||Wounded||Severly||NR [20TN]|
G. W. (TR)
H. / S. S.
Oath of Allegiance.
(Died of wounds recv F.P.)
|95||WESTBROOK||J. R.||ASurg||F||2nd Tenn||Wounded||Slightly||[20TN]|
|Died at Somerville, Ap 24, 1864
|D (7T)|| DOUGLAS
||Capt||E||18th Miss||Wounded||Slightly in arm.
"The 18th Miss Battalion was in the engagement
has not been reported as yet.
W. R. Hodprach - Chf. Surg.
Chalmers Div., Forrests Cavl."
Identification of Units
Willis' Battalion was orginally part of Waul's Texas Legion; consisting of infantry, 6 companies of cavarly and artillery. Later the cavalry were seperated and identified by its commander, Colonel Leonidas Willis.
Duff's Battalion began as 19 Battalion Mississippi Cavalry and was later identified as 8 Mississippi Cavalry. Commander was Lt-Col. William L. Duff.
18 Miss Cavalry was also known as 18 Battalion Mississippi Cavalry. It was commanded by Maj. A. H. Chalmers, brother to Gen. J. R. Chalmers .
15 Tenn Cavalry - The records for the soldiers listed above as being with this unit were actually members of 20th (Russell's) Tenn Cavalry. The 15th (Stewart-Logwood's) Tennesse Cavalry was later supplemented by men from several of the Tennesse regiments. Commander was Col. Francis M. Stewart.
16 Tenn or Wilson's Cavalry was also known as 21 (Wilson's) Tenn Cavalry was formed in Feb. 1864. It merged with 21 Tenn Cavalry or Barteau's Cavalry. Commaner was Col. Andrew L. Wilson.
2nd Tenn Cavalry later became known as the 22nd Tenn Cavalry or Barteau's Cavalry.
18th Tenn Cavalry also known as the 19 Tenn Cavalry. Later merged with the 20th (Russell's) Tenn Cavalry. Commander Col. John F. Newsom.
7th Tenn Cavalry also known Duckworth's Cavlary under Colonel Leonidas Duckworth and had combined with 6 Tenn Cavalry and 7 Tenn Cavalry. During Forrest's West Tennessee Raid, the 7th Tennesse Cavalry(US) surrendered to Duckworth's 7th Tennessee Cavalry (CS) at Union City.
Forrest's Escort Company was a group of 75 men who remained from the original Forrest Regiment and served as personal guard for General Forrest. By 1863, they were armed with the best weapons and carried sabers. One member was Col. Drew Wisdom. The Escort was also known as Jackson's Company, MacDonald's Cavalry and also part of 3 Tenn Cavalry at various times.
| NEW Complied Summary of Casualties of
Battle of Fort Pillow
For this study, KIA includes those receiving mortal wounds.
Information from other Sources
|OR - Official
Records of the War
or the orders issued by commanders.
Cornell University website provides on-line access to the Official Records.
Archives Records - Personal military
The service records was obtained through the files of the National Archives. The information may include Name, Unit, Rank, Enlistment date and date of discharge or death. It may also include orders, records or notes regarding the soldier. If he is a captured Confederate, it will include the records from the US files.
Click this icon in the above table and it will view the NARA service record for that soldier.
TR Tennesseans in Civil War Vol II - A tabulated list of service records from NARA. Cross-checked as many as 50 names with this reference but all are not indicated.
| [20TN] -
Information from website on 20th Tennessee Cavalry: 20 TENN CAV .
This website has info on men who served in the 20th Tennessee Cavalry with data from National Archive records for individual soldiers. This site has names of soldiers wounded or killed at Fort Pillow who match with the names on the above roster; only the unit is different. Most of the ones listed above as being in 15th Tenn were included in the roster for 20th Tennessee Cavalry.
Excerpts from two records:
J. Cardwell Wilson, Company F. Enlisted September 20, 1863 in Henry Co., TN, by Col. Bell for 3 years. Appointed Captain September 20, 1863. "Died Apl. 16, 1864 of Wounds received at Fort Pillow, Apl. 12, 1864". Described as 25, blue eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, 6 ft. He was the brother of Col. Andrew N. Wilson, who commanded the 16th Tennessee Cavalry. Previously served as 2nd Lieutenant, Company "G", 5th Tennessee Infantry to June 30, 1863. Wilson enlisted in the 5th Tennessee Infantry (Corporal, Co. B) in 1861. He was elected Lieutenant in 1862 and wounded and captured at Perryville (KY, Oct. 1862). Before his exchange, the regiment was consolidated and his position eliminated. Thus, after exchange he recruited a company for the 20th and became its captain. He was shot through the lungs at Ft. Pillow "while charging at the head of his company. He was carried by his men on stretchers eighteen miles to Dr. Brodie's, where he died after lingering several days" on April 16, 1864. Two of his men ("Hard" Wilson and Smith Randle) were detailed to wait with him.
The next day Bell's Brig. moved back to West Tennessee and recruited their stock about 10 days when it was ordered to Fort Pillow. Company A, 15 Tenn. Cav. had two men & one Lieut. wounded slightly, to wit. R.H. Goodman & privates Tandy Holman & G.W. Robertson. It was a total loss to the Federals while our loss was comparatively none, only about 15 killed. After the dead were buried and the spoils gathered up we moved back to Brownsville, Tenn. when we were ordered to Miss. On reaching Holly Springs, Miss. we were ordered back to Dyer and Gibson counties where we remained up to 30th of April 1864 conscripting. Wm. Gay, Capt. Co. A, 15 Tenn. Cav. Regt.
| [2M] -
Information from website on 2nd Missiouri Cavalry: 2 Missouri Cavalry
External Link: http://www.members.tripod.com/2ndmocavcsa/
This is a site for a re-enactment group but includes a page of Original Roster of the soldiers who served during the war. I was able to match 14 of the 16 soldiers on my list. However two that did match did not have a match with their rank: example, corporal versus captain.
National Archives records includes more details of the troopers in the 2 Missouri Cavalry. Pvt Alexander Jones Howard participated in Quantrail's raid on Lawrence, KS. Also, Pvt. Thomas W. Haislip was fought several battles with the 2nd Missouri Cavalry, including both Battles of Collierville and Wyatt and skirmish ast Moscow, Tenn.
Information from website for 7
Tennesse Cavalry Battalion also known as 2 Tennesse Cavalry.
External Link: http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnsumner/fg12d.htm
The following names seem to be a match or of interest.
+ John R. BrinkIey - 3rd Corporal. Made 1st Sergeant, at reorganization, replacing Austin. Wounded at Fort
Pillow, TN, April 10, 1864. Left at Brownsville, Tennessee, unable to be moved.
+ J. K. Brinkley (duplicate of above?) - Wounded at Fort Pillow, TN, April 12, 1864. Cared for by Henry A. Brinkley,
+ Henry A. Brinkley - Detailed as nurse for J. K. Brinkley, who was wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
+ Robert Douglas - Wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864.
+ James M. Link - Wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Paroled at Gainesville, AL, May 10, 1865.
Compare this to National Archive (NR) records that lists a J. C. Brinkley of Co. C, who was left in W. Tenn.
NARA records state Lt-Colonel Leonidas Willis resigned his command on Feb. 4, 1865.
- Information from book "Hancock's Diary"
or A History of the Second Tennessee Confederate Cavalry.
This is a diary of a member of Barteau's 2nd Tennesee Cavalry regiment published in 1877 and is available free on Google Books. In the chapter on Fort Pillow he lists the casualties of the regiment.
The diary gives detail of one of the casualties as follows:
"William Duke's leg was broken near the ankle joint by a firle-ball, and after examination and conultation our surgeons decided to amputate his foot. As soon as Duke learned their decision he called on D. B. Willard ( a member of Company C who carried him from the field) to hand him his pistol, and said, "I'll shoot the first man who attempts to cut off my foot." "If you don't want it cut off it will not be done," said Willard. By request of Duke, Willard made some splinters, and finally the surgeons assisted in bandaging his leg, and the result was he soon got well, and thus saved his foot."
The diary also stated 1st Lt George Leave "fell mortally wounded by a canister-shot". NARA records show a 1st Lt. George Love of Company D was killed.
Information from book "River Run Red",
published in 2005. ISBN
+ Lt.-Col. Wiley Martin Reed, commander of the 5th Mississippi Cavalry, was standing next to Lt. N. B. Burton about 80 yards from the fort's parapets. Both were struck by a volley. Lt-Col. Reed was severely wounded and Lt. Burton was killed. Lt.-Col. Reed was taken to Jackson, TN, where he died after 19 days of excruciating pain. An Atlanta newspaper dated 1877 said his body was moved to Nashville for re-internment 13 years later.
+ Captain J. Cardwell Wilson was shot through the lungs. He was taken 18 miles to a farm where he died 6 days later.
+ Private John Beard of 20th Tennessee killed while assaulting the fort.
+ Private Reuben Burrows of the 15th Tennessee killed while assaulting the fort but he is not on list.
+ Private Samuel Allen was "struck dead" but his name does not appear in the above list.
+ Private Andrew Jackson Grantham of 5th Mississippi Cavalry was quoted in Ward's book.
|MAT - Source "Military Annals of Tennessee".
This is a thick 700+ pages of history of units of Tennessee, similiar to Dunbar Rowland's history of Mississippi. The cavalry regimental histories were sketchy but would include names of officers and occassional history and maybe names of those killed in action. This book has some good information on the 2nd, 15th and 16th Tennessee Cavalry Regiments.
Source "Confederate Military
Originally published in 1880's, the series was divided by the State and recorded their contribution to the war. Some volumes have unit histories. Each state includes biographies of leaders in the back.
"Confederate Military History: Mississippi" mentions death of Lt.-Col Reed (Reid) and Lt. Burton and Lt. Hubbard of 18th Battalion.
"Confederate Military History: Tennessee" mentions Lieut-Col. Wiley Reid was a Cumberland Presbyterian minister (page 282).
"Confederate Military History: Missouri" - Includes a biography of Col Robert McCulloch.
| "Military Annals of
Carrol County" is a small publication that documents the service
of the citizens of Carroll Country, MS in various wars.
A quote from the book states that “Mr. Cole of Black Hawk was killed at Collierville”. This refers to the battles of
Pvt of Co. G, 16 Tennessee Cavalry.
Lynn Shaw, a local historian at
His National Archive record shows he was "left by order of Gen Chalmers" when the returned to
Pvt of Co. H, 16 Tennessee Cavalry.
The original list had a questionable entry for his name. His name appeared as killed in action in Military Annals of Tennesee. NARA recorrds confirmed his last name was McLinn and the company and regiment matched. The problem is the dates recorded for his enlistment and death and the muster roll does not make sense. According to NARA entries, Pvt McLinn enlisted on May 1, 1864, and reported for muster on May 31, 1864, but was killed at Fort Pillow on April 12, 1864.
Capt. of Co. E, 18 Mississippi Cavalry. R3 - or "River Run Red"
His name was not on the original list but his name is mentioned in Ward's "River Run Red". A search of NARA records showed that he was wounded slightly in the arm at the Battle of Fort Pillow. He was added to the list which brings the total to 100 casualties.
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General Forrest's Cavalry Corps
First Division - Gen. R. Chalmers
1st Brigade - Col. J. J. Neely
2nd Brigade - Col Robert McCulloch
Second Division - Gen. Bufford
3rd Brigade - Col. A. P. Thompson
4th Brigade - Gen. Tyree H. Bell
commanded by Gen. R. Chalmers
Col. Bob McCulloch's Brigade (of Chalmers' Division)
2 Missouri Cav - Col Robert A. McCulloch
Willis's Texas Cav - Lt-Col Leonidas Willis
5 Miss. Cav - Lt. Col. Wiley M. Reed
Duff's 8 Miss Cav. - Col. Wm L. Duff
McDonald's Tenn Cav. Batln - Lt-Col J. M. Crews
Col Tyree H. Bell's Brigade (of Bufford's Division)
Barteau's 2 (22)Tenn Cav -
Wilson's 16 Tenn Cav -
Russel's 15 Tenn Cav -
General Forrest and his Escort Company
Walton's Artillery Battery - Mountain Howitzers
(Artillery did not arrive due to heavy rains.)
Pillow State Historic Park (external link)
The Tennessee State park is a 1,646-acre park located on Mississippi River about 60 miles north of Memphis, TN on Hiway 51 near Henning. The park has an Intrepretive Center & Museum, a Nature Center, campgrounds and hiking trails covering the three tiers of breastworks that was constructed there during the war.
Check out my
Pillow State Historic Park at Photos.
Col. Robert “Black Bob” McCulloch was 5 years older than his cousin Robert A. McCulloch. Colonel Robert was a square-built frame and had a full beard. He raised a regiment in Missouri that was called the “Missouri Mongols”. He had been wounded at Tupelo, and wounded in the hand at Harrisburg.
The 2nd Missouri Cavalry were mustered into service at the same place and date as Quantrill’s cutthroat band.
Robert A. was ganglier build. He was wounded in the stomach at Wilson’s Creek in August 1864
Originally, the older Robert McCulloch was called “Black-haired Bob” and the Robert A. was called “White-haired Bob” since his hair was turning grey. They fought side-by-side throughout the war and many historians have confused the two men.
Later, Col. McCulloch’s nickname was shortened to “Black Bob” in reference to fighting under the black flag---taking no prisoners.
The Battle of Okolona would cost General Forrest several of his commanders.
Col Jeffrey E. Forrest leading a brigade was killed. Command of 2nd Brigade was given to Col Duckworth.
Lt-Col Barksdale, commanding the 5th Miss. Cavalry was killed. Lt.-Col. Reid replaced him.
Col. Barteau commanding Bell’s Brigade was wounded and Col R. M. Russell replaced him.
Return to Main Menu of Fort Pillow.
"Fort Pillow, a Civil War Massacre, and Public Memory" by John Cimprich, LSU Press, 2005.
ISBN 0-8071-3110-5. 192 pages. Maps.
"River Run Red" by Andrew Ward, Viking Penguin, 2005. 530 pages.
Sub-title "The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War". ISBN 0-670-03440-1.
“The Artillery of Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Cavalry”. John W. Morton, Tennessee Regimentals series.
“The Campaigns of Gen. Nathan B. Forrest”. Gen Thomas Jordan and J. P. Pryor. Da Capo Press, 1996. 736 pages.
“Hancock's Diary” or "A History of the Second Tennesse Cavalry". by R. R. Hancock, Brandon Printing Co, 1887. 644 pages.
History of the Confederate States published in multiple volumes in 1880's and reprinted in 1950's.
“Confederate Military History: Tennessee”
“Confederate Military History: Mississippi”
“Confederate Military History: Missouri”
"Military History of Mississippi; 1803-1898” by Dunbar Rowland. New edition with supplement by H. Grady Howell, Jr. Chickasaw Bayou Press, 2003.
"Military Annals of Tennessee” - Volume 1 - History of each Tennesee unit.
"Military Annals of Tennessee” - Volume 2 - Tabulated list of all soldiers of Tennesee. J. M. Lindsay & Co. 1886, reprinted in 1974.
"Tennesseans in the Civil War" A Military History of Confederate and Union Units - Civil War Centennial Commission 1964.
“American Civil War Fortifications (3): The Mississippi and River Forts”, by Ron Field, Osprey Publishing 2007, 64 pages. ISBN 978-184603-194-6.
U.S. Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, "Fort Pillow Massacre", House Report No. 65, 38th Congress, 1st Session.
"14 Letters to a Friend: the Story of the Wartime Ordeal of Capt. DeWitt "Clubfoot" Fort". Transcribed by Laurie B. McDonald. Details about Co. G, 2nd Missouri Cavalry. Edinburg, Texas, 2007. ISBN 978-1-60530-979-8
MHQ; The Quarterly Journal of Military History; Spring 1996, Vol 8 No. 2: "Kill the Last Damn One of Them" by Noah Andre Trudeau. Published by American Historical Publications, Inc. hardbound. Article on General Forrest and the battle.
Confederate troops operate the captured Union Guns
The following account is quoted from "River Run Red":
Lee H. Russ of Forrest's Escort, who had followed the general into the fort, recalled how he and two of his comrades had to grab the wheels of the Parrott gun, back it out of the embrasure, roll it to the rim of the bluff, and aim it at the gunboat (New Era). As one of his buddies loaded the charge, Russ rammed it home, only to discover that when the artillerists fled down the bluff they had taken their lanyards with them. So one of Russ's buddies, Sergeant Billy Matthews, unbreeched his carbine, "drew a cartridge and forced it, inverted, into the magazine and closed up the breech, thus cutting off the ball and furnishing him a blank charge." Stepping to one side, Matthews "deliberately fired his carbine into the touchhole of the cannon."
Go to List of Killed In Action for an abreviated list.
External Link to Fort
Pillow State Historic Park for more on the Park, its museum
history of the battle.